This species breeds in temperate regions of Europe and Asia. It is migratory, wintering in tropical Africa and southern Asia. It is a bird of open woodland and orchards. On migration it is frequently seen in sandy areas, where it forages for ants.
This species measure 16–18 cm (6.3–7.1 in) in length and weighs 26–50 g (0.92–1.8 oz). Their bills are shorter and less dagger-like than in the other woodpeckers, but their chief prey is ants and other insects, which they find in decaying wood or almost bare soil. They re-use woodpecker holes for nesting, rather than making their own holes. The eggs are white, as with many hole nesters.
These birds get their English name from their ability to turn their heads almost 180 degrees. When disturbed at the nest, they use this snake-like head twisting and hissing as a threat display. This odd behaviour led to their use in witchcraft, hence to put a "jinx" on someone.
They nest in existing holes.They lay 7 to 10 eggs on May-June
There are six subspecies:
- Jynx torquilla chinensis Hesse, 1911
- Jynx torquilla himalayana Vaurie, 1959
- Jynx torquilla mauretanica Rothschild, 1909
- Jynx torquilla sarudnyi Loudon, 1912
- Jynx torquilla torquilla Linnaeus, 1758
- Jynx torquilla tschusii O. Kleinschmidt,1907
foto:mihai baciu - chettusia